ACPO – Association of Chief Police Officers.
AP – Approved Premises.
ATR – Alcohol Treatment Requirement, used as part of a community order, the offender must attend treatment to reduce or eliminate dependency on alcohol. The offender must consent to the order.
ASBO - Anti-Social Behaviour Order, a civil order banning the subject from entering certain areas, associating with certain people, or doing certain things.
Attendance Centre (for 18 to 24 year olds) – The offender must attend a centre for between 12 and 36 hours. Attendees focus on developing their social skills at the same time as challenging their offending behaviour (used as part of a Community Order).
BME – Black and Minority Ethnic.
BSR – Building Skills for Recovery.
CALM – Controlling Anger and Learning to Manage it.
Community Sentence – Offenders sentenced to a community sentence service their whole sentence in the community rather than in prison.
Community Payback – Formerly known as community service or unpaid work, involves carrying out between 80-300 hours of unpaid work for the community as part of a community order.
COVAID - Control of Violence for Angry Impulsive Drinkers
Curfew – The offender must stay indoors for certain periods in a specified place, usually in their own home, for up to six months. Electronic monitoring is commonly used to enforce the curfew. This will be used as part of a community sentence.
DID – Drink Impaired Drivers Programme, an accredited programme for offenders who have committed drink driving offences.
DRR – Drug Rehabilitation Requirement, part of a community sentence made by the court, a DRR involves a regular drug treatment and testing and supervision by a probation officer in order to get an offender off drugs. The offender must consent to the order.
ETE – Education Training and Employment, job training and education schemes run by probation to help offenders into paid employment.
Exclusion – The offender may not enter a specified place for a period of time (used as part of a community order).
Home Office (HO) – The Home office is the UK government department responsible for homeland security, immigration and border control.
IDAP – Integrated Domestic Abuse Programme, accredited programme for male perpetrators and of domestic abuse.
IAC – Intensive Alternatives to Custody.
IOM – Integrated Offender Management.
IRRP – Individual Reducing Re-offending Plan.
I-SOTP – Internet Sexual Offending Treatment Programme, accredited programme to reduce risk of sexual offending.
IMB - Independent Monitoring Board, a board of lay people attached to each prison which independently monitors the prison premises, its administration and treatment of prisoners.
LIAP – Low Intensity Alcohol Programme
Mental Health Treatment – Used as part of a community sentence, the court must be satisfied that the offender’s mental condition requires treatment. The offender must consent to the treatment.
MoJ – Ministry of Justice, government department responsible for courts, probation, prison and constitutional affairs.
MAPPA – Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements, This is a partnership working between Probation, Police and the Prison services to manage the most high risk offenders.
MARAC – Multi Agency Risk Assessment Centre.
NAPO – National Association of Probation Officers, trade Union for Probation staff.
NOMS – National Offender Management Service, part of the Ministry of Justice, NOMS was set up to provide end-to-end management of offenders through the prison and probation services.
OASys - Offender Assessment System, the assessment tool used by the Prison Service and the National Probation Service in England and Wales from 2002 to measure the risks and needs of criminal offenders under their supervision.
OSAP – Offender Substance Abuse Programme, accredited programme to raise awareness of link between drug and alcohol misuse and offending.
Offending Behaviour Programme – The offender must attend group or one to one programmes designed to address attitudes or behaviour that can lead to offending. This will be used as part of a community sentence.
PbR – Payment by Results
Prohibited Activity – The offender is barred from certain activities, for example attending a football match or going to a pub, on a particular day or days for a period determined by the court (used as part of a community order).
PPO – Prolific and other Priority Offenders, the Prolific and other Priority Offenders scheme targets the offenders who between them commit the majority of offences.
Release on Licence – Offenders sentenced to 12 months or more in prison will be released at a halfway point in their sentence (unless considered too dangerous). The will stay on licence in the community for the rest of sentence and must report regularly to probation. Offenders who fail to keep to their terms will be returned to prison.
Requirement – conditions put onto a community sentences that the offender must fulfil. Depending on the crime committed this could be an alcohol treatment requirement or residence etc.
Residence – the offender must reside at a specified place. This must be a Approved Premises managed by the Probation Service (used as part of a community sentences).
ROM - Regional Offender Manager, ten Regional Offender Managers (ROMS) direct work in the regions. ROMS are accountable to the National Offender Manager. England and Wales are divided into ten regions, each headed by a ROM.
Specified activities (for up to 60 days) – These can include reparation to victims of work to improve their basic skills such as literacy or numeracy (used as part of a community sentences).
Supervision – the offender must attend regular appointments with a probation officer as part of their community sentence.
SSO – Suspended Sentence Order, this is a sentence of less than 12 months in prison, suspended for between 6 months and 2 years. In includes the same requirements as those available for the community sentences. A breach of the order would result in a return to court for all or part of the original prison sentence to be imposed.
TSP – Thinking Skills Programme